Female infertility is a major health issue and those women who cannot conceive within a span of a year are usually referred to as suffering from female infertility. A woman who is infertile usually approaches the gynecologist to see if she can bear a child. It is psychologically a trauma not to bear a child and there are several causes for it.
To be diagnosed as infertile can be very distressing to a woman. It undermines her womanhood and makes her feel incomplete as a woman. Also, the desire to have child is there in a woman and naturally she would like to undergo the best fertility treatment to reduce her infertility and hopefully become pregnant.
If one is unable to conceive after a year’s unprotected intercourse than one is considered to be suffering from infertility. There is also secondary infertility where the couples have had children but are unable to conceive again.
Here let us discuss some of the commonest causes of infertility:
Commonest Causes of Infertility:
- Problem with ovulation.
- Damage caused to fallopian tubes or to one’s fallopian tubes.
- Problems with the cervix.
- When there is no delicate balance among the pituitary gland, follicles and the ovaries.
What are the causes of ovulation?
- A cyst or tumor.
- Hormonal imbalance.
- Suffering from eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia.
- Drug use or alcohol.
- Problems of the Thyroid gland.
- Too much exercise meant to loose excess body fat.
- Extremely brief menstruation.
- Improper lifestyles.
- Tight clothing.
- Genetic factors.
- Damage caused to the reproductive system.
- Illness such as cancer.
- Antisperm antibodies.
- Environmental pollution.
- Poor diet.
These physical factors have great impact on the fertility rate of the woman and many are battling with these health issues in order to conceive. Expert opinion is sought to resolve these health issues.
How is damage to fallopian tubes caused or to the uterus ?
- Earlier infection.
- Polyps in one’s uterus.
- Pelvic inflammation disease.
- Fibroids or Endometroisis.
- Chronic medically oriented illness.
- An earlier ectopic (tubal) pregnancy.
- A defect in birth.
- DES syndrome ( the medication given to prevent miscarriage or to prevent pregnancy can cause infertility.
- Abnormal cervical mucus: This condition prevents the sperm from reaching the egg or makes it more difficult for one’s sperm to penetrate the egg.
It is but obvious that there are several health conditions that prevent ovulation, resulting in woman’s infertility.
How is female infertility diagnosed?
Thorough medical examination, past gynecological problems and other health conditions have to be carried out and observed in order to ascertain the health issue.
The following test can be made use to diagnose the condition:
- A blood test or urine to check out the infections or if there is any hormone problem, including thyroid malfunction.
- Taking sample of cervical mucus to see if ovulation is taking place.
- Breast and Pelvic examination.
- Laparoscopic insertion into the abdomen to see the condition of the organs.
- Ultra sound to observe uterus and ovaries. It can be done vaginally or
- HSG a form of xray and a colored liquid that is inserted into the fallopian tubes to check out for any blockages.
- Hysteroscopy making use of a tiny form of fiber light to ascertain any uterus abnormalities.
Treatment mode of infertility:
- Taking of hormones to reduce hormonal imbalance or short menstrual cycle or endemetroisis.
- Use of supplement to improve fertility.
- Use of medication to stimulate ovulation.
- Use of antibiotics to remove infection.
- Minor surgery to remove scars or blockages.
Is there any prevention of female infertility?
It is difficult to prevent female infertility caused by genetic factors or illness but it can be reduced by taking proper treatment. The following measures can be also pursued:
- Avoiding illicit drugs.
- Prevention of sexually transmitted drugs.
- Reduce intake of alcohol.
- Maintain good personal hygiene cum health practices.
- Annual check ups with ones’ gynecologist once one is sexually active.
When should one approach the doctor?
- When one experiences abdominal pain.
- Abnormal bleeding.
- Unusual discharge.
- Discomfort or pain during intercourse.
- Itching or soreness in the vaginal area.
There are couples who prefer going for traditional made of treatment. One has to take necessary medical steps to become pregnant in case one is suffering from infertility. Natural options are also there to reduce infertility and several couples opt for these.